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The climate of Alberta (Canada)
Alberta is a province in Canada. The largest city in Alberta is Calgary. From north to south the province measures 1,200 kilometers, an enormous area. Large parts are prairie or forests, several lakes and rivers can be found as well. Alberta has several large National Parks such as Wood Buffalo National Park. Alberta has a continental or land climate. This type of climate only occurs in the interior. The moderating influence of the ocean is hardly noticeable so the land warms up easily and cools down easily. Because of this extremes in temperatures occur both during winter and summer. During the winter temperatures may drop as low as -54 degrees Celsius because of the influence from the poles. During the summer the influence from the south gets larger and temperatures may rise to 32 degrees Celsius in the mountains and 40 degrees Celsius in the south of Alberta. Alberta is an enormous province so there are large differences in the climate as well. In the south west the wind collides with the Rocky Mountains, this causes this area to be very wet because the moist air is lifted over the mountain range (orographic precipitation). The region on the other side of the Rocky Mountains hardly gets any rain and is very dry. In the south west of Alberta Chinook winds may occur during the winter. These winds come from the mountains and cause temperatures to rise suddenly. Differences of 10 degrees Celsius may sometimes be recorded. The northern part of Alberta is mostly covered with forests and has a sub-arctic climate. The western part of Alberta is much warmer and is being moderated by its leeward situation and the Chinook winds have a warming effect. In central Alberta tornadoes may occur. The area surrounding Calgary get a remarkably high number of hail storms.

 

Climate information
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records. They are an average for Alberta:
Please, note that local deviations may occur.

average
 maximum
temperature (įC)

average
minimum

temperature (įC)
average
hours of sunshine

per
day
average days with precipitation
per month
average
mm
precipitation
per month
average
sea
temperature (įC)
January -9 -19 3 10 n/a
February -5 -16 4 8 n/a
March 0 -10 5 8 n/a
April 10 -2 8 6 n/a
May 17 4 9 9 n/a
June 21 8 10 13 n/a
July 22 10 10 13 n/a
August 21 9 9 12 n/a
September 16 4 6 10 n/a
October 11 -1 5 6 n/a
November -1 -10 3 8 n/a
December -7 -17 2 9 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate figures are very useful but donít present a general impression of the climate and the eventual weather circumstances within a certain period. The figures donít always reflect the chance of wintry weather, extreme heat or hurricanes. That is why we offer useful extra climate information for each month of the year:
 

chance of
(very) hot

weather

chance of
(very) cool
weather
chance of
long-term

precipitation
chance of
hurricanes
(cyclones)
chance of
sunny days

UV-index

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
click here for the explanation of the symbols

Disclaimer
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. ďMore climate infoĒ is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, itís up to the reader to use it to itís benefit.

 

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