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The climate of Colombia
Columbia is a country located in the northwestern part of the South American continent. The climate of Columbia is influenced by the Caribbean Sea in the north, the Pacific Ocean in the west and the mountainous regions which dominate the landscape in the west. The largest part of Columbia has a tropical climate type with high temperatures all year round and high annual precipitation figures, especially in the coastal regions in the west and on the windward side of the mountains. On the high plains east from these mountains precipitation figures are fairly high. However, when you travel further to the east precipitation figures decrease. The most northeastern part of Columbia is the driest part of the country. These regions have a combination of a warm desert climate and a warm steppe climate. These climate types together with a warm maritime climate also occur in the southwestern part of Columbia near the border with Ecuador. It mainly depends on the altitude you are at which climate type is applicable.


Climate information of places and areas in Colombia
The climate information given on this page is only brief. Specific information on weather and climate can be found on the pages per region or city. The following climate information is available for Colombia:

Isla de San Andrés
Tayrona National Park

Although Columbia is located in a region with mainly tropical climate types not the entire country is tropical. This is caused by large differences in altitude; if you travel higher, it gets colder. Both the lower situated regions and the coastal regions in the west can record average temperatures of about 24 degrees Celsius (75 degrees Fahrenheit). In the coastal regions in the north and northeast average temperatures are about 28 degrees Celsius (82 degrees Fahrenheit). Regions located between 1,000-2,000 meters have an average annual temperature of 16-19 degrees Celsius (61-66 degrees Fahrenheit). Regions located between 2,000-3,000 meters have an average annual temperature of 10-15 degrees Celsius (50-59 degrees Fahrenheit). In these regions subzero temperatures may occur, especially during the night. The highest peaks located above 4,000 meters are cold with eternal snow in many places. These high peaks have a high mountain climate.

Rainy season
The seasons in Columbia are determined by their precipitation pattern. The northern part has a rainy season from May until November. During the rest of the year precipitation figures are fairly low here. The coast along the Pacific Ocean has no distinct rainy season. Precipitation figures are high here all year round; during the wettest months up to 700-800 millimeters of precipitation can be recorded. The capital Bogota is located centrally in Columbia and has an annual precipitation figure of about 800 millimeters. In this location two dry periods can be distinguished (December until March and June until August) with two slightly wetter periods in between. However, these periods cannot be classified as a real rainy season. In the Amazon in the southern part of Columbia the seasons are inverted. From June until September precipitation figures are lower here. However, precipitation figures remain fairly high, even during these ‘dry’ months: about 130-200 millimeters per month.

The largest part of Columbia is located to the south of the region with a risk of hurricanes. The northern part of the country is located above 5 degrees north latitude, which in theory means there is a risk of tropical storms here. However, because Columbia is located on the leeward side of Venezuela hurricanes hardly have any chance of reaching Columbia. Heavy rainfall does cause floods on a regular basis. Other phenomena which may occur in Columbia include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides. Three active volcanoes are situated in Columbia: Galeras, Nevado del Huila and Nevado del Ruiz.
Climate figures
Throughout Columbia several climate figures and temperatures can be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Bogota and cannot be seen as an average for this country. For climate figures for other places and regions in Columbia please, visit the individual climate pages.


Climate figures
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records and are an average for Colombia. Please, note that local deviations may occur, especially in the field of possible precipitation quantities. The northern part of the country gets more rain. The windward side of the mountains gets more rain and the temperatures are lower in the interior during the winter.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 20 5 6 8 n/a
February 20 6 5 11 n/a
March 20 7 4 14 n/a
April 19 8 4 18 n/a
May 19 8 4 20 n/a
June 18 8 4 19 n/a
July 18 8 5 17 n/a
August 18 7 5 16 n/a
September 19 7 4 17 n/a
October 19 8 4 20 n/a
November 19 8 5 18 n/a
December 19 7 6 12 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-2 inches ● = 2-12 inches ● = 12-24 inches ● = 25-40 inches ● = 41-80 inches ● = over 80 inches

More climate information
Climate figures are very useful but don’t present a general impression of the climate and the eventual weather circumstances within a certain period. The figures don’t always reflect the chance of wintry weather, extreme heat or hurricanes. That is why we offer useful extra climate information for each month of the year:

chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


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