The climate of Libya
Because the country is situated between the Sahara and the
Mediterranean its climate is affected by both. The larger part of
Libya has a desert climate with hot, very dry summers and warm
winters in which there is practically no precipitation. The Libyan
desert is considered one of the driest areas in the world. The
coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers
and mild winters in which there is some precipitation. Thus the
seawater makes it get and feel less hot along the coast compared to
the inlands and in the winter months it brings along some
precipitation. The rain that does fall particularly occurs in the
period of October up to April. That is why in the months of
February/March you see the desert vegetation gratefully bloom thanks
to the 200 to 300 millimeters of rain that falls during the wetter
Climate information of places and areas in Libya
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific
information about weather and climate can be found on the climate
pages per area or town. As for Libya the following climate
information is available:
In Libya it can get extremely hot. During the daytime the temperatures
reach well above 30 degrees and sometimes rise to not less than an
unpleasant 50 degrees centigrade.
Fall in temperature
In the desert the temperature can drop considerably. Therefore it is
important to bring along a warm sweater or a vest for the night.
Also protective clothes against sand-storms is a must if you go into
The sea-water along the coasts of Libya is rather cool in the winter
months (some 16-17 degrees). By August/September this temperature
rises to a very agreeable value of about 26 to 27 degrees. It is not
until the course of December that the temperature of the sea-water
drops again below 20 degrees. That is comparable to sea-water
temperatures along the Dutch coast in July.
The winters are mild with day-temperatures along the coast of 17 to 25
degrees. Rather pleasant conditions for a winter sun holiday.
Because it seldom rains for a longer period of time and the sun
shines rather abundantly throughout the year Libya is potentially
rather suitable for a winter sun destination.
TitleHot wind: ghibli
Ghibli (also called gibli, chibli, gebli, kibli or gibleh) is the
local name for a sirocco. This firm wind blowing from the south or
south-west mostly brings along much dust, which makes traveling very
difficult when this wind blows. During the predictable ghibli the
temperature often rises till 40 to 50 degrees and the relative air
humidity drops from 75-80 percent to 10 to 20 percent.
The ghibli is caused by a depression over the Mediterranean that has
a suction effect and causes this ghibli. That is the reason why this
phenomenon, which practically paralyses daily life in Libya, can be
predicted very well.
Also in Egypt you have to deal with a similar phenomenon, there it
is called the khamsin.
The desert winds mostly occur in the spring and the autumn and
normally last about one to four or five days.
Throughout Libya several climate figures and temperatures can
be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Tripoli and cannot
be seen as an average for the country. For climate figures for other
places and regions in Libya please, visit the individual climate
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The figures below are for the capital Tripoli.
For climate figures for other places and regions in Libya please,
visit the individual climate pages.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.