The climate of Mexico City (Mexico)
Mexico City is the capital of Mexico and one of the largest
cities in the world with a population of more than 20 million. The
city is situated at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters in the
Valley of Mexico and is surrounded by volcanoes and mountains. Because
of its situation warm air remains stationary. This causes high
temperatures; especially during the winter it is much warmer in the
city than in its direct surroundings. Another serious problem is air
pollution which causes a serious smog problem. Because of the air
pollution and the altitude at which the city is situated people who
aren’t used to these conditions may experience respiratory problems.
People who already have a lung condition should bear this in mind when
travelling to Mexico City
According to the Köppen climate classification Mexico City has a
moderate savannah climate (type Cwb) with two distinct seasons. A dry
season from the second part of October till the second part of May and
a wet period from the second part of May or the beginning of June till
the second part of October. Large amounts of rain are not uncommon
during this period. However, these showers clear the skies. Because of
this it may feel muggy caused by high humidity figures instead of the
polluted air. Because of its geographical situation the southern part
of the city is wetter than the northern part.
There are only few differences in temperature between summer and
winter. Maximum temperatures are 20-30 degrees Celsius all year round.
During the night temperatures drop to 4-14 degrees Celsius. The
highest temperatures can be recorded during spring. When the rainy
season begins temperatures are tempered during the day and
temperatures of 23-25 degrees Celsius can be recorded. Within 24 hours
the difference between maximum and minimum temperatures is quite
large. The difference between daytime and night time temperatures is
12-20 degrees Celsius on average. During the winter subzero
temperatures may occur during the night because of a cold current
coming from the north. Snowfall may occur on the Mexican high plains.
However, snowfall hardly ever occurs in Mexico City.
During the hurricane season from June till November there is a small
risk of a hurricane reaching Mexico City. Most hurricanes that make
landfall in Mexico weaken as soon as they reach the mainland; when
they have reached Central Mexico they will often have weakened to a
tropical depression causing high precipitation figures. Apart from
flooded sewer systems and failed crops because of floods damage
because of fierce winds is uncommon.
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records.
They are an average for Mexico City.
More climate information
Climate figures are very useful but don’t present a general impression
of the climate and the eventual weather circumstances within a certain
period. The figures don’t always reflect the chance of wintry weather,
extreme heat or hurricanes. That is why we offer useful extra climate
information for each month of the year:
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.