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The climate of Nepal
Nepal is a country in Asia, bordering China (Tibet) and India. The largest part of Nepal is very mountainous and is part of the Himalayan mountain range. Within the borders of Nepal eight of the ten highest mountains in the world can be found. Among them is the highest mountain in the world: Mount Everest with an altitude of 8,848 meters. Because of the presence of Mount Everest and the Himalayans people mistakenly assume that Nepal is a cold country with a lot of snow. Low temperatures and snowy peaks are caused by the extremely high altitudes. In Nepal, the areas above 4,400 meters have a high mountain climate; the areas between 3,600 meters and 4,400 meters have a sub arctic climate; between 2,400 meters and 3,600 meters there is a cold zone; the areas between 1,200 meters and 2,400 meters are a moderate zone and below 1,200 meters there is a mix of several subtropical climates.


Climate information of places and areas in Nepal
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Nepal the following climate information is available:


Five seasons
There are no less than five seasons in Nepal: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. During the winter the Himalayans prevent cold air from reaching the south, causing temperatures to be reasonably high south of the Himalayans. However, in the Himalayans at a medium or high altitude cold or extreme cold with snowfall is not uncommon during the winter. In the areas above 4,000 meters a combination of drifting snow and wind may cause dangerous snowstorms, especially on the northern side of the mountain range. From June till August it is summer in the mountains (above 4,400 meters temperatures remain below or rise just above freezing point). The subtropical southern part of Nepal has a southwestern monsoon during this period. The combination of high temperatures (25-40 degrees Celsius) and reasonably high precipitation figures cause a very muggy feel because humidity figures are high as well.

The southern part of Nepal, where the subtropical lower areas can be found get reasonable amounts of precipitation, mainly caused by the monsoon period. These areas get 1,800 millimeters to locally 3,000 millimeters of annual precipitation. In the Himalayans there are large differences in precipitation figures, especially on the south side. On the windward side of the mountain rains may be forced up the mountain and may cause inconvenience when large amounts of precipitation fall within a short period of time. When this occurs there is a serious risk of landslides or floods rushing down the mountain with an incredible force. In the mountains most precipitation falls in the form of snow; above 4,000 meters almost all precipitation falls in the form of snow, hail and ice.

Winter sun
The lower areas of Nepal are quite a good winter sun destination. During the winter temperatures are relatively mild; just prior to the monsoon period temperatures are even very pleasant. In March and April, when the weather in Europe is still unpredictable, the weather in the southern part of Nepal is spring-like or even summer-like with temperatures of 22-30 degrees Celsius with a small chance of precipitation and many hours of sunshine.


Climate figures
Throughout Nepal several climate figures and temperatures can be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Kathmandu and cannot be seen as an average for the country. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate records on other places in Nepal.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 18 1 6 2 n/a
February 19 3 6 2 n/a
March 24 7 8 2 n/a
April 27 11 9 3 n/a
May 29 15 6 6 n/a
June 29 19 5 11 n/a
July 28 19 3 16 n/a
August 28 19 3 14 n/a
September 28 18 4 10 n/a
October 26 13 6 3 n/a
November 23 7 5 1 n/a
December 19 2 5 1 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The figures below can are for the capital Kathmandu. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate records on other places in Nepal.

chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


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