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The climate of Pakistan
Pakistan is a country located in South-Asia and has one of the largest populations in the world. Most people live in urban areas. Karachi is the largest city with a population of more than 12 million. The landscape of Pakistan varies from low areas in the eastern and southern parts of the country to high plains and high mountain areas in the western and northern parts of the country. A part of the Himalayans can be found in the north-eastern part of Pakistan. Mount K2 is situated on the border with China, the second largest mountain at 8611 meters after Mount Everest. The large differences in altitude cause different climate types within Pakistan with sometimes very large differences in temperatures.
The largest part of Pakistan has a mix of desert and steppe climates which change into a continental climate in the mountains situated in the north and into a high mountain climate on the highest peaks that are covered with glaciers and everlasting snow.


Climate information of places and areas in Pakistan
The climate information given on this page is only brief. Specific information on weather and climate can be found on the pages per region or city. The following climate information is available for Pakistan:


Summer and Winter
Characteristic of almost entire Pakistan are the large differences between summer and winter. Not only in the field of precipitation, but also in temperatures. The higher regions and mountainous areas have a combination of cool to cold winters and warm to hot summers. In the lower areas and the coastal areas winters are also subtropical if not virtually tropical. In many places in the eastern and southern parts of Pakistan subzero temperatures during the winter are uncommon. In fact, during the winter temperatures easily reach 20 degrees Celsius. When you move further into the interior chances of subzero temperatures (during the night) increase, especially at higher altitudes. Along the coast, for instance in Karachi, the difference between summer and winter is much smaller. In these areas there are almost no transitional seasons in the form of spring and fall, further into the interior these seasons do occur.

Rainy season
The largest part of Pakistan gets a monsoon in which (much) more precipitation falls than during the rest of the year. This is chiefly noticeable in the northern parts of Pakistan where heavy monsoons cause high precipitation figures. The region between the places Lahore and the capital Islamabad get the heaviest monsoon. The monsoon is from July till September. Under the influence of the monsoon temperatures drop to slightly more pleasant values of 30-36 degrees Celsius.


In June and July there is a larger risk of unbearable heat than a risk of hurricanes. Especially in the south-eastern part, several hundreds of kilometers into the interior it may be extremely hot. Average daytime temperatures of 40-44 degrees Celsius sometimes soaring to 50 degrees Celsius are not uncommon. On the coast the sea water tempers the heat causing temperatures to be 5-10 degrees Celsius lower than in the interior.

In theory there is a risk of hurricanes in the southern parts of Pakistan. However, these tropical storms usually pass Pakistan at a large distance limiting the degree of inconvenience to a minimum. Hurricane season in this region is from June till December.


Climate figures
Throughout Pakistan several climate figures and temperatures can be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Islamabad and cannot be seen as an average for the country. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate records on other places in Pakistan.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 17 3 6 5 n/a
February 19 5 6 7 n/a
March 24 10 7 10 n/a
April 30 15 8 10 n/a
May 35 20 10 8 n/a
June 39 24 10 8 n/a
July 35 24 9 16 n/a
August 33 24 8 16 n/a
September 33 21 9 9 n/a
October 31 14 9 4 n/a
November 25 8 8 3 n/a
December 20 3 7 4 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The information below is an average for Islamabad. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate records on other places in Pakistan.

chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


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