The climate of Pakistan
Pakistan is a country located in South-Asia and has one of the largest
populations in the world. Most people live in urban areas. Karachi is
the largest city with a population of more than 12 million. The
landscape of Pakistan varies from low areas in the eastern and
southern parts of the country to high plains and high mountain areas
in the western and northern parts of the country. A part of the
Himalayans can be found in the north-eastern part of Pakistan. Mount
K2 is situated on the border with China, the second largest mountain
at 8611 meters after Mount Everest. The large differences in altitude
cause different climate types within Pakistan with sometimes very
large differences in temperatures.
The largest part of Pakistan has a mix of desert and steppe climates
which change into a continental climate in the mountains situated in
the north and into a high mountain climate on the highest peaks that
are covered with glaciers and everlasting snow.
Climate information of places and areas in Pakistan
The climate information given on this page is only brief. Specific
information on weather and climate can be found on the pages per
region or city. The following climate information is available for
Summer and Winter
Characteristic of almost entire Pakistan are the large differences
between summer and winter. Not only in the field of precipitation, but
also in temperatures. The higher regions and mountainous areas have a
combination of cool to cold winters and warm to hot summers. In the
lower areas and the coastal areas winters are also subtropical if not
virtually tropical. In many places in the eastern and southern parts
of Pakistan subzero temperatures during the winter are uncommon. In
fact, during the winter temperatures easily reach 20 degrees Celsius.
When you move further into the interior chances of subzero
temperatures (during the night) increase, especially at higher
altitudes. Along the coast, for instance in Karachi, the difference
between summer and winter is much smaller. In these areas there are
almost no transitional seasons in the form of spring and fall, further
into the interior these seasons do occur.
The largest part of Pakistan gets a monsoon in which (much) more
precipitation falls than during the rest of the year. This is chiefly
noticeable in the northern parts of Pakistan where heavy monsoons
cause high precipitation figures. The region between the places Lahore
and the capital Islamabad get the heaviest monsoon. The monsoon is
from July till September. Under the influence of the monsoon
temperatures drop to slightly more pleasant values of 30-36 degrees
In June and July there is a larger risk of unbearable heat than a risk
of hurricanes. Especially in the south-eastern part, several hundreds
of kilometers into the interior it may be extremely hot. Average
daytime temperatures of 40-44 degrees Celsius sometimes soaring to 50
degrees Celsius are not uncommon. On the coast the sea water tempers
the heat causing temperatures to be 5-10 degrees Celsius lower than in
In theory there is a risk of hurricanes in the southern parts of
Pakistan. However, these tropical storms usually pass Pakistan at a
large distance limiting the degree of inconvenience to a minimum.
Hurricane season in this region is from June till December.
Throughout Pakistan several climate figures and temperatures can
be recorded. The figures below are for the capital Islamabad and
cannot be seen as an average for the country. Please, visit the
individual climate pages for climate records on other places in
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The information below is an average for
Islamabad. Please, visit the individual climate pages for climate
records on other places in Pakistan.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.