climate data for any destination this site in Dutch our cookie policy contact

more about Syria

Syria information
Syria facts

this page in Dutch

... more interesting sites

The climate of Syria
The Syrian Arab Republic is a country located in the western part of Asia in the Levant. Syria, as the country is often referred to is located on the Mediterranean Sea and consists of about one third of the Fertile Crescent. The soil is fertile here because of the presence of the valleys of the Euphrates and Tigris. Since time immemorial agriculture has been practiced here. The western part of Syria has a warm Mediterranean climate (type Csa) with warm and dry summers and wet and mild winters. The interior has four different dry climate types: the central part of Syria has a cold steppe climate and a cold desert climate. Further to the east this changes into a warm steppe climate (northeast) and a warm desert climate (southeast). Some sources mistakenly state that Syria also has continental climate types.


Climate information of places and areas in Syria
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Syria the following climate information is available:

Al Hasakah
As Suwayda
Deir ez-Zor

During the winter the western part of Syria has fairly high precipitation figures. During spring and fall precipitation figures are lower here. Suring the summer hardly any rain falls at all in the western part of the country. From June till September precipitation figures are low along the Mediterranean coast. In the interior the same precipitation pattern can be recorded. However, overall precipitation figures are lower here than in the rest of Syria. The central and eastern parts of Syria hardly get any rain during the summer. During the winter the wettest months get 20-55 millimeters of rain per month.

Summers in Syria are warm to hot. Along the Mediterranean Sea long term maximum temperatures are around 30 degrees Celsius (86.0 degrees Fahrenheit) on average. In the interior higher temperatures can be recorded. In many places temperatures rise up to 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) or even higher every day. On the steppes temperatures are around 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit). This means figures here lie in between the extremely high figures in the desert and the more pleasant figures that can be recorded along the coast. During the winter daytime temperatures are mild, especially along the coast. During the night subzero temperatures in the interior are not uncommon. During the winter snowfall is not uncommon. However, snow often melts very rapidly. Under the influence of daytime temperatures snow will almost always melt within a day. An exception to this is the mountainous region in the southwestern part of Syria. In the higher regions chances of snowfall are higher, and snow may remain for a longer period of time. Some regions are even suitable for winter sports such as Mount Hermon which is situated on the tripoint of Lebanon, Israel and Syria.


Climate figures
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records. They are an average for the capital Damascus and cannot be seen as an average for the country. For climate figures on specific regions and places please, visit the individual climate pages of Syria.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 10 0 5 14 n/a
February 11 1 6 12 n/a
March 15 3 7 11 n/a
April 20 6 8 8 n/a
May 25 9 10 5 n/a
June 29 12 12 2 n/a
July 32 14 13 0 n/a
August 32 14 12 0 n/a
September 29 12 10 1 n/a
October 24 9 8 6 n/a
November 17 4 7 8 n/a
December 11 1 5 12 n/a
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The figures below are for the capital Damascus. For climate figures on specific regions and places please, visit the individual climate pages of Syria


chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


this site in Dutch: climate data & informationcopyright links contact