The climate of Jordan
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, or Jordan for short is a country in
the Middle East. Jordan mainly consists of a desert like landscape
with a fertile strip of land along the banks of the river Jordan. In
the south Jordan is connected with the Red Sea via the Gulf of Aqaba.
In the west the Dead Sea is situated which is a sea with such an
unusually high concentration of salt that you stay afloat. A large
part of Jordan consists of a plateau at an altitude between 700-1,200
meters above sea level. Several higher mountains can be found in the
southwestern part of Jordan. Mount Jabal Ramm is the highest point in
the country at an altitude of 1,754 meters. Along the banks of the
Jordan River Jordan has a warm Mediterranean climate (type Csa
according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification) with mild and
wet winters and warm and dry summers. In the interior the climate
changes into a cold desert climate (BWk) via a cold steppe climate
(BSk). Large plains in the interior have a warm desert climate (BWh).
A strip in the northern part of the country has a warm steppe climate
Climate information of places and areas in Jordan
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific
information about weather and climate can be found on the climate
pages per area or town. As for Jordan the following climate
information is available:
Summers in Jordan are from June till September and are warm to hot and
sunny and dry without any exception. During the day temperatures rise
up to 30 degrees Celsius (86.0 degrees Fahrenheit) or even higher in
the entire country. In the southern part the highest average
temperatures can be recorded: 37-41 degrees Celsius (98.6-106 degrees
Fahrenheit). Even in a city which is situated on the water such as
Aqaba daytime temperatures are extremely high during the summer, 34-40
degrees Celsius (93.2-104 degrees Fahrenheit). During the summer a
shamal wind may blow in the Gulf region. This is a northwesterly wind
that comes from Syria and Jordan toward the Persian Gulf. This wind
lasts for about 3-5 days and causes low humidity figures, very high
temperatures and often supplies a lot of desert sand. However, after
sundown the wind usually abates and temperatures drop.
The winter, which is from December till March is mild and not as dry
as the summer. Especially in the northwestern part of Jordan along the
Jordan River the number of days with precipitation increases. Monthly
precipitation figures also increase. During the wettest months
precipitation figures are between 60-80 millimeters with the
occasional peak of 100 millimeters or more. In the higher desert
plains precipitation figures also increase during the winter. However,
it remains fairly dry here. In some regions only a few millimeters of
rain falls during the winter. During the coldest months subzero
temperatures are not uncommon, especially during the night. During the
winter snowfall is not uncommon either. The higher regions get a few
snowy days per year.
Throughout Jordan several climate figures and temperatures can be
recorded. The figures below are for the capital Amman and cannot be
seen as an average for the country. For climate figures for other
places and regions in Jordan please, visit the individual climate
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The figures below are for the capital Amman.
For climate figures on specific regions and places please, visit the
relevant individual climate pages.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.