The climate of Panama
The Republic of Panama enjoys a tropical climate; varying from a
tropical rainforest climate along the borders with Costa Rica and
Columbia to a monsoon climate in the western part of the country and a
tropical savannah climate in central Panama. Wherever you are in
Panama, it is always stiflingly hot with temperatures rising to 34-35
degrees Celsius. Because of reasonably high humidity figures it always
feels muggy in Panama. Those who have ever been in an area with a
tropical climate will recognize the muggy feel and the accompanying
The largest part of Panama has a distinct rainy season from the
beginning of May till the second part of December. During this period
it still feels very warm despite the fact that temperatures are
slightly moderated by the overcast skies. This has everything to do
with rising humidity figures caused by the many millimeters of rain
that fall. Evaporation causes humid air which causes it to feel warmer
than it actually is. With the exception of the rainforests most of the
rain falls in the form of heavy showers that may last for several
hours during the rainy season. In the rainforests longer rainy periods
are not uncommon during the monsoon.
Climate information of places and areas in Panama
The climate information given on this page is only brief. Specific
information on weather and climate can be found on the pages per
region or city. The following climate information is available for
Mountain ranges traverse Panama. The San Blas Mountains are situated
in the eastern part of the country, centrally situated in Panama are
the Central Mountains and the Corderilla de Talamanca Mountains are in
the west. The highest peak of Panama can be found in the west: the
Baru volcano with its peak at an altitude of 3,474 meters. In the
highest regions, above 2,000 meters subzero temperatures during the
night are not uncommon. Several atlases and climate guides classify
these parts of Panama as a high mountain climate.
Because Panama is situated on the leeward side of the Caribbean there
is no risk of a hurricane reaching Panama. Other natural disasters
such as floods, landslides, tornadoes and earthquakes are also
uncommon in Panama. The Panama Canal, one of the wonders of the world,
was constructed here for the very reason that there is a low risk of
natural disasters in this area; in addition the distance between the
Caribbean Sea and the Pacific was also a deciding factor.
The UV-index in Panama is high. The highest UV-index figure of 11 can
be recorded all year round with the exception of December when
UV-index figures reach 10 as a maximum. During cloudy days there is
still a large risk of sunburn; when you expose your skin to the sun
for a longer period of time there is even a serious risk of skin
cancer. Protective clothing (also against mosquitoes) and applying
sunscreen is well advised.
The figures below are based on long term climate records and are
an average for Panama. Local deviations may occur, especially in the
field of precipitation figures. Please, visit the individual climate
pages for figures on other places and regions in Panama.
More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of
the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time.
How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can
often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate
information per month. The information below is an average for Panama.
Please, bear in mind that there is a larger chance of longer periods
with precipitation in the western part of the country and in the most
eastern tip of the country.
The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.