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The climate of Australia
Australia is a big country in with different climate zones. The centre of Australia which is the largest part of the island has a warm desert climate (Type BWh according to the Köppen climate classification) and is surrounded by a large zone of warm steppe climate (type BSh). The northern part of Australia has a tropical savannah climate, also known as a subtropical climate. A maritime climate can be found in the southern and eastern parts of Australia. These are further subdivided into CSb, Cf and Cw types of the Köppen climate classification. Because Australia is located in the southern hemisphere seasons are exactly opposite of ours. When winter falls in The Netherlands, summer will start in Australia and the other way around.

Warm and relatively dry
Because Australia is close to the equator it`s a relatively warm country. In the northern part temperatures will still be above 20 degrees Celsius during the winter. Only in some southern parts will there be a slight chance of frost or snow. Australia is also rather dry. Over half of the country gets less than five hundred millimetres of rain a year. In the northern, eastern and some of the southern parts the quantities of precipitation are comparable with those in The Netherlands or slightly higher.
Climate information on cities and regions in Australia
The climate information given on this page is concise. Specific information on weather and climate can be found on the pages per region or city. The following climate information is available for Australia:


Climate information of places and areas in Australia
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Australia the following climate information is available:

Places & regions:
Alice Springs
Byron Bay
Coffs Harbour
Coober Pedy
Places & regions:
Gold Coast
Halls Creek
Hervey Bay
Kangaroo Island
Sunshine Coast
States & territories:
Australian Capitol Territory (A.C.T.)
New South Wales
Northern Territory
South Australia
Western Australia

Australian summers
Australian summers coincide with our winters. During the months of December, January and February it can be warm to very hot. In central Australia precipitation is scarce as it is the year round. In the eastern and southern parts it will be drier than in winter. In the (sub)tropical north summers are very wet. In the city of Darwin there is a precipitation of 1000 millimeters on average during these three months. Temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius are very common in Australia. In some places official records state temperatures over 50 degrees Celsius.
Heat-waves are also common in Australia. They can last for a very long time. The longest heat-wave on record in Australia lasted for 161 days. This heat-wave was registered in the city of Marble Bar in the western part of Australia. From the 30 October 1923 until the 7 April 1924 temperatures rose over 100 degrees Fahrenheit every day. (37.8 degrees Celsius).

During winter months in Australia temperature and weather show great variations. The northern part is warm, sunny and dry. In southern parts temperatures are much colder. In the higher regions there is a chance of frost and snow. Mount Hotham, Mount Buller and Falls Creek can even be suitable for winter sports. Australia`s coldest state is Tasmania. Temperatures will be around zero degrees Celsius at night and around 10 degrees Celsius during the day. Even in the desert temperatures are much lower. During the day temperatures will be around 20 degrees Celsius on average. During the night temperatures are around zero degrees Celsius. In Alice Springs a minimum temperature of 7.5 degrees below zero was measured in July 1976.

During the summer months hurricanes can be formed. In Australia hurricanes are also known as tropical cyclones or ‘Willy-Willy’. In Australia the hurricane season is relatively short. It lasts only for three months (from January till March). Hurricanes come from the eastern direction so only the north-eastern and northern parts of Australia are confronted with this phenomenon.

Besides the aforementioned extremes like heat, heat-waves and hurricanes other forms of extreme weather are quite common. You might wake up in Sidney, look out of the window and find the air red with dust. A strange sight caused by a north-western wind that picks up the desert sand.
On average the wettest place in Australia is Tully which is located in the north-eastern part just south of Cairns. Because it is located between mountains and the ocean this city has the most precipitation. Mount Bellenden Ker (1593 meters high) which is located near Tully holds the record of the highest amount of rainfall in a year 12.461 mm in 2000) and during one month (5387 mm in January 1979).
Whoever wants to see large hail stones can best travel to the states of New South Wales or Victoria in the south-east. Sometimes cars and windows are battered by hail stones the size of marbles or even tennis balls.


Climate figures
The figures below are based on long term weather and climate records in Sydney. They cannot be seen as an average for Australia because of the large differences in this country.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 26 19 7 11 24
February 26 19 7 12 24
March 25 18 7 13 24
April 23 15 7 11 23
May 20 12 6 11 21
June 18 9 6 11 20
July 17 8 7 9 20
August 18 9 7 9 19
September 20 11 7 9 19
October 22 14 8 11 19
November 24 16 8 11 21
December 26 18 8 11 22
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The information below is an average for Australia, but it should be noted that the chance of hurricanes for large parts of Australia is nil. In the desert zone there is a larger chance of sunny weather. In the northern parts there is a higher chance of precipitation in summer than in winter. The UV index is slightly higher in the north and slightly lower in the south than indicated in this table.


chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


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