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The climate of Egypt
Egypt has a desert climate with very little rainfall, hot summers and very mild winters. Large differences in temperature occur all year round within 24 hours. The difference between the minimum temperature and the maximum temperature within 24 hours is usually 20 degrees Celsius. In the capital of Cairo and in the seaside resorts along the Red Sea these differences are smaller. Within 24 hours the difference in temperature is usually between 11 and 15 degrees Celsius (on average)


Climate information of places and areas in Egypt
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Egypt the following climate information is available:

Abu Simbel
El Gouna
Marsa Alam                 
Port Said
Sharm El-Sheikh
Siwa Oasis

The only form of precipitation that falls in Egypt is rain. Almost all of the country gets little to hardly any rain. The only region that gets some rain during the winter months is the northern part of the country that lies on the Mediterranean Sea. The Alexandria area gets about 200 millimeters of rain per year. The capital of Cairo is located a little more to the south. Cairo gets about 10 millimeters of rain per year. This is as much as we get on a rainy day. Still further to the south rain is very scarce.

Whoever doesn’t like heat had better avoid Egypt from April till October. During this period temperatures are around 30 degrees Celsius (and much higher) in the entire country. During the summer months temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius in the shade are not uncommon. During the winter months temperatures are between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. In the northern part of the country temperatures are even a little below 20 degrees Celsius.

During the night temperatures may drop in the desert. Be prepared for this and bring a sweater or a cardigan.

The Red Sea which is situated off the eastern part of Egypt is one of the most popular diving and snorkeling destinations in the world. This is not only because of the beautiful marine life, but also because of the pleasantly warm seawater. During the first three months of the year the temperature of the seawater is ‘only’ 21-22 degrees Celsius. After this the temperature of the seawater rises to 28 and sometimes even 29 degrees Celsius in August and September. Not only pleasant for divers and snorkelers, but also for swimmers and other water sport enthusiasts.

Winter sun
Winters in Egypt are very pleasant. Along the coast of the Red Sea sunshine is guaranteed. From November till March Egypt is a perfect winter sun destination with temperatures between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. This is the reason why many Egypt-fans choose this period for their holiday.

Hot wind: the khamsin
In Europe this phenomenon is known as the sirocco: a very warm wind from the desert often goes together with desert sand in the air. This phenomenon happens in Egypt every year around April and causes a lot of discomfort with people that have sensitive bronchial tubes or contact lenses. Because the wind can blow freely over the desert these storms may reach speeds of up to 140 kilometers an hour. Temperatures may rise up to 20 degrees Celsius within two hours!


Climate figures
The figures below are based on registered long-term meteorological information and can, as far as possible, be considered an average for Egypt. The largest deviations are: more precipitation in northern areas of Egypt; more sun in the south, higher temperatures in central Egypt.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 23 11 9 0 22
February 24 12 10 0 21
March 26 14 10 1 21
April 29 18 10 1 22
May 32 22 11 1 24
June 35 25 12 0 26
July 39 26 13 0 27
August 39 27 12 0 28
September 36 24 11 0 27
October 32 21 10 0 26
November 29 17 9 0 25
December 25 12 9 0 23
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate figures are very useful but don’t present a general impression of the climate and the eventual weather circumstances within a certain period. The figures don’t always reflect the chance of wintry weather, extreme heat or hurricanes. That is why we monthly offer useful extra climate information.

chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


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