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The climate of Mexico
According to the Köppen climate classification Mexico has a large diversity in climate types. All of which can be divided into tropical (A), desert/steppe (B) and maritime/Mediterranean/continental (C) climates. The northern part of Mexico mainly has desert and steppe climates. Several small regions in the most north western part of Mexico, the coastal areas and several small regions in the northern part of Mexico have a Mediterranean climate. Central Mexico has several types of continental climate; some parts have a cold steppe climate. The southern part of Mexico has several tropical climate types, the largest part has a tropical savannah climate. Several small regions in the south have a monsoon climate or even a tropical rainforest climate (type Af).


Climate information of places and areas in Mexico
The climate information on this page is only brief. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. As for Mexico the following climate information is available:

Cabo San Lucas
Mexico City
Playa del Carmen
Puerto Morelos
Puerto Vallarta
Riviera Maya

Tropical rainforest climate
Some parts of Mexico are tropical with temperatures of 30 degrees Celsius during the day; temperatures above 20 degrees Celsius during the night and reasonably high precipitation figures. These areas are situated south of the city of Veracruz and west of the city of Tampico. Tampico comes from the Huastek (Wastek) tampiko and means: ‘place of the otter’. This is because the city is surrounded by lagoons where many otters live. The Eastern Sierra Madre mountain range causes depressions to remain stationary in the Tamaulipas region which means there is a fairly high amount of rainfall. In this area precipitation falls all year round. Other Mexican regions have a distinct wet and dry season. There are also regions within Mexico that get little annual precipitation. The southern parts of the Veracruz state and the Chiapas state have a tropical climate. This type of climate can also be found in the northern part of the state of Oaxaca and in parts of the state of Tabasco. All of these areas are situated in the southern part of Mexico.

Different tropical climates
The southern parts of Mexico that don’t have a tropical rainforest climate almost always have a tropical savannah climate or a tropical monsoon climate. Along the Western Sierra Madre mountain range in the western part of Mexico there is a tropical climate. North of the city of Tepic this type of climate gradually changes into a warm steppe climate (type Bsh); and even further north into a warm desert climate (type BWh). The tropical climate on the Yucatan peninsula is characterized by a distinct dry period with few precipitation during the winter and a wet periods from June till November with a risk of hurricanes and tropical storms. September is the wettest month on Yucatan with 200-350 millimeters of precipitation. In combination with high temperatures (32-33 degrees Celsius) and high humidity figures this causes the summer to be very muggy. Directly along the coast the sea wind offers some cooling. However, with these temperatures and humidity figures the cooling effect is minimal.

Winter sun
Mexico is an ideal winter sun destination. Winters are sunnier, slightly colder and especially drier than summers. Cities such as Cancun and Playa del Carmen can best be visited from December till April. However, this period is also more expensive because many Americans come here to celebrate Christmas and enjoy their spring break vacations. After the high seasons many airlines often offer special last minutes. However, you’ll have to be in luck in terms of good weather.

Mexico is a large country with a large diversity in types of climates; this becomes clear when you realize that some areas have a tropical rainforest climate while other parts may get snow. The central part in the north, bordering America gets snowfall on a regular basis. This is caused by cold air coming from the Rocky Mountains causing cold and snow. The highest mountain peaks more to the south may also get snow. In extreme circumstances the tropical areas may even get snow. Tampico, which is situated in an area with a tropical climate gets snow once every 100 years on average.

During hurricane season from June till November there is a risk of hurricanes and tropical storms on the Yucatan peninsula where popular seaside resorts such as Playa del Carmen and Cancun are situated. However, how high the risk of bad weather is cannot be easily predicted. During some seasons there are no hurricanes and there hardly are any storms in this part of the Caribbean; during other seasons several hurricanes may hit this region. Whereas other phenomena such as earthquakes and tsunamis are hard to predict hurricanes can be predicted more easily. Whenever a hurricane moves toward Mexico there is enough time to take precautions such as evacuations. There is also a risk of hurricanes in the western coastal areas along the North Eastern Pacific. Hurricane activity is fairly high here. However, most hurricanes will have weakened to a tropical depression before making landfall. In some cases cities such as Puerto Vallarta and Acapulco may get hit by a hurricane or a tropical depression.

High Mountains
A large part of Mexico consists of Mountains. Only the coastal areas and the Yucatan peninsula are lower than 200 meters above sea level. The Mexican high plains, where the capital of Mexico City is situated cover about one third of the entire country and stretch out to the United States. The northern part with an average altitude of 1,500-1,800 meters has a cold steppe climate. The southern part with an average altitude of 2,000-2,500 meters has a cold steppe climate that changes into a continental climate in the higher regions. The Trans Mexican volcanic area forms the south border of the high plains and mainly consists of volcanoes with an altitude up to 5,500 meters. This terrain is very rugged and mountainous with little vegetation with the exception of the southern slopes. South of the Mexican high plains the southern Sierra Madre is situated. This region mainly has a subtropical climate.


Climate figures
It is impossible to show climate figures for Mexico because the climate is so diverse. The figures below are long time weather and climate records for River Maya. Tourist destinations such as Cancun and Playa del Carmen are situated here. Because the climate of Mexico is so diverse please go to the individual pages for climate information on other places and regions in Mexico and use them as a reference.

temperature (°C)


temperature (°C)
hours of sunshine

average days with precipitation
per month
per month
temperature (°C)
January 28 18 6 6 26
February 29 19 7 5 26
March 30 20 8 3 27
April 32 21 8 3 27
May 32 22 8 7 28
June 32 23 7 12 28
July 33 24 7 12 29
August 33 24 7 13 29
September 32 23 6 14 29
October 31 22 7 13 29
November 29 21 6 8 28
December 28 19 6 7 27
= 0-5 mm ● = 6-30 mm ● = 31-60 mm ● = 61-100 mm ● = 101-200 mm ● = over 200 mm
= 0-0.2 inches ● = 0.2-1.2 inches ● = 1.2-2.4 inches ● = 2.5-4 inches ● = 4.1-8 inches ● = over 8 inches

More climate information
Climate tables are useful but they don’t give an overall picture of the climate and possible weather conditions during a period of time. How high the chances are of hot or cold weather or hurricanes can often not be found in these tables. This is why we offer extra climate information per month. The information below is an average the Riviera Maya on the Yucatan peninsula including the places Cancun, Playa del Carmen and Tulum.
Please visit the individual pages for climate information on other places and regions in Mexico and use them as a reference.

chance of
(very) hot


chance of
(very) cool
chance of

chance of
chance of
sunny days


click here for the explanation of the symbols


The information at this site was carefully composed from climate data collected by meteorological services, meteorological offices, climate experts and other sources. “More climate info” is based on statistics, climate data and personal experience. No rights can be derived from this site. Weather has no memory and gives no guaranties. Nothing is as changeable and unpredictable as the weather. The authors of this site feel in no way responsible for any damages caused by misinterpretation or other circumstances that may influence your holiday or trip to a certain destination. We provide information, it’s up to the reader to use it to it’s benefit.


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